Articulation is the way sounds are made through the use of our tongue, lips, jaw, and other areas of our mouth. Different sounds are developed at different ages, and at times children can have trouble learning the ways to move their articulators to learn age-appropriate sounds. Phonological processing errors are evident in children who present with patterns in their speech-sound errors. When there are articulation errors and/or sound pattern errors (phonological processing) that are not age-appropriate, this can indicate a speech-sound delay in children.
How do I know if my child has difficulties with articulation?
Speech does not sound clear
Replacing 's' sound with 'th,' for example, saying "thoap" for "soap"
Slushy/wet sounding speech
How do I know if my child has difficulties with phonological processing?
Changing sounds in words
Replacing sounds in words, for example, saying "doe" for "go"
Leaving off sounds in words, for example, saying "do" for "dog"
Not sounding clear
Friends and family having difficulty understanding their speech